Ep19: Who is this? | Tse sī siánn-lâng 這是啥人?

Ep19: Who is this? | Tse sī siánn-lâng 這是啥人?
Newbie

 
Play/Pause Episode
00:00 / 00:29:45
Rewind 30 Seconds
1X

In this episode, we’ve talked about personal pronouns like “you” and “I”, the “exclusive we” and “inclusive we”, and also how to express possession in Taiwanese.

(These show notes use tables and rich formatting. Please visit the episode webpage for an optimal viewing experience.)

PERSONAL PRONOUNS
Singular Plural
1st person guá I, me guán / gún (exclusive) we, us
- - lán you and I; (inclusive) we, us
2nd person (singular) you lín (plural) you
3rd person i he/she/it, him/her/it in they, them
  1. There are two types of “we” in Taiwanese. The “inclusive we” includes whomever the speaker is talking to, whereas the “exclusive we” doesn’t.
  2. Possessives are formed by adding “ê” to the personal pronouns, e.g. “guá ê” (my, mine), “ ê” (your, yours), “in ê” (their, theirs).
  3. The plural pronouns “guán” (we), “lín” (you all), and “in” (they) can also be used like singular possessives, usually when there is a close relationship with the person or place. For example, “guán pîng-” can mean “my friend” or “our friend”.
SENTENCES AND VOCABULARY
TAIWANESE ENGLISH
Tsit ê lâng sī siánn-lâng? Who is this person?
siánn-lâng / siánn-mih-lâng who (literally: what-person)

Pronunciation note: siánn-lâng” is often contracted as “siàng-n̂g” or “siáng” in spoken Taiwanese, and sometimes also “siâng” in certain regional dialects.

Tse sī siánn-lâng? / Tse sī siánn-mih-lâng? Who’s this?
Tse sī guán a-bú. This is my mom.
He guá! That’s me!
I sī siáng? Who is he/she?
In sī guán tông-ha̍k. They’re my classmates.
ko-tiong ê tông-ha̍k high school classmates
lāu-su teacher
ha̍k-sing student
Guán ē iânn. We (exclusive) are going to win.
Lán ē iânn. We (inclusive) are going to win.
I hōo i tsi̍t pún tsheh. He/she gave him/her a book.
ê (possessive particle)

Grammar note: the function of “ê” is similar to the apostrophe “s” in English. It is also used as a general measure word for people and things, as in “hit ê lâng” (that person) or “nn̄g ê lâng” (two people).

Phil ê káu-á Phil’s dog
i ê tshia his/her car
siánn-lâng--ê / siánn-mih-lâng--ê whose
siánn-lâng ê tshia whose car
Tse sī siánn-lâng--ê? Whose is this?
Tse sī guá ê. This is mine
guán pîng- my friend; our friend (exclusive)
lán pîng- our friend (inclusive)
lín tau your home
in thâu-ke his/her boss; their boss
Lín tsia̍h---buē? Have you eaten yet?

Usage note:Tsia̍h---buē?” is a way to greet people in Taiwanese. If you want to know more about the greeting, check out Ep1 of our Elementary Level podcast.

Ū-îng tō lâi guán tsia tsē--ooh! Come visit us if you have time.

*Syllables that have been greyed out require tone changes.

For more about personal pronouns and possessives, go check out our downloadable workbook! You’ll also find additional vocabulary with characters, pronunciation notes, grammar explanations, culture tips, and fun exercises to help your practice.

NASA GREETINGS TO THE UNIVERSE IN 55 LANGUAGES

In 1977, NASA launched two Voyager space probes that continue to explore our solar system and now even interstellar space. On board, they placed recordings of “greetings to the universe” in 55 different languages, just in case the probes would encounter any extraterrestrial beings.

One of the recorded languages is Amoy, a Southern Min dialect spoken around Xiamen, which is similar to Taiwanese. If you want to learn more about how they decided which languages to use and more background on the whole project, check out the links below:

https://voyager.jpl.nasa.gov/golden-record/whats-on-the-record/greetings/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Contents_of_the_Voyager_Golden_Record

Music Credit: TeknoAXE

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *